**RES351 Research Statistics Study Guide Week 3**

## In the following examples, determine whether the term independent variable or dependent variable is appropriate.

Michael is interested in learning the effects of using celebrity endorsement on sales.

What type of variable is a celebrity endorsement?

Independent variable

In an experiment, this variable is expected to be affected by the manipulation.

Dependent variable

Criterion variable is synonymous with this term.

Dependent variable

Several of these variables are somewhat correlated and are therefore are not

independent among themselves.

Independent variable

A predictor variable is synonymous with this term.

Independent variable

## Fill in the blanks with the term independent variable, dependent variable, or moderating variable.

Incentives _independent variable_ are expected to increase productivity _dependent

variable_ especially among newer employees _moderating variable_.

The _dependent variable_ should not precede the _independent variable_ in a research study.

In an experiment, participants experiencea manipulation of the _independent variable_,called the experimental treatment